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Title (Primary) Non-significant tree diversity but significant identity effects on earthworm communities in three tree diversity experiments
Author Schwarz, B.; Dietrich, C.; Cesarz, S.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Auge, H.; Schulz, E.; Eisenhauer, N.;
Journal European Journal of Soil Biology
Year 2015
Department BZF; BOOEK; iDiv;
Volume 67
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T11;
Keywords Biodiversity–ecosystem functioning; Biodiversity change; Decomposers; Litter palatability; Soil fauna; TreeDivNet
UFZ wide themes TERENO; RU1

There is mounting evidence that the functioning of an ecosystem is highly connected to the diversity of its biota. However, the influence of biodiversity on ecosystem functions in terrestrial ecosystems has mainly been investigated in grassland. In contrast, forests have long been neglected in this context, though their functional relevance is undoubted. This study investigated the effects of different tree diversity indices (species richness, species evenness, functional diversity) and of tree species identity on earthworm communities in three distinct eight to ten years-old tree diversity experiments.

Consistently in all three experiments we found no significant relationships between tree diversity indices and earthworms, whereas they were significantly affected by tree species identity. European larch (Larix decidua) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) had strong and consistent negative effects on earthworms, while the presence of oak (Quercus petraea and Quercus robur) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) increased earthworm abundance and biomass significantly, but effects were inconsistent. Soil pH was only a poor explanatory variable for tree identity effects. The results indicate that tree identity, but not tree diversity drives earthworm communities in young tree stands. The negative effects of larch and spruce may be due to rather low palatability of their litter and to the dense canopy structure reducing soil moisture and temperature, while we found limited support for soil acidification effects. Future studies should consider litter and root traits of trees, and both the effects of trees and herbaceous plants in the understory to explain variations in ecological communities and ecosystem processes.

ID 15695
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15695
Schwarz, B., Dietrich, C., Cesarz, S., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Auge, H., Schulz, E., Eisenhauer, N. (2015):
Non-significant tree diversity but significant identity effects on earthworm communities in three tree diversity experiments
Eur. J. Soil Biol. 67 , 17 - 26