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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Lainz Asteraceae » Geruchlose Kamille
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Lainz accepted
Chamomilla inodora K. Koch Synonym
Matricaria chamomilla L., non L. 1755 (nom. ambig.) Synonym
Matricaria inodora L., nom. illeg. (nom. superfl.) Synonym
Matricaria maritima subsp. inodora (K. Koch) Soó Synonym
Matricaria perforata Mérat Basionym
Tripleurospermum inodorum (K. Koch) Sch. Bip. Synonym
Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (K. Koch) Vaar. Synonym
<Tripleurospermum maritimum agg. accepted
<Matricaria maritima L., s. l. Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status A (archaeophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin a (anecophytic)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction SA (agricultural weed)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization AG (agriophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 9
Chromosome number 2n 18
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Albers, F. 1998: Chromosomenzahlen der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. In: Wisskirchen, R., Haeupler, H. (Hrsg.) Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands, S. 562-616, Ulmer, Stuttgart
Basic chromosome number 9
Chromosome number 2n 36
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Albers, F. 1998: Chromosomenzahlen der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. In: Wisskirchen, R., Haeupler, H. (Hrsg.) Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands, S. 562-616, Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABABBABBABABBABBBAAABAA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life form T (Therophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span a (annual)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Kay, Q.O.N. 1994: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Schultz Bip. (Matricaria inodora L., Matricaria maritima auct. p.p. non L., Matricaria perforata Mérat, Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Wagenitz, Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.. Journal of Ecology 82:681-697
Woo, S.L., Thomas, A.G., Peschken, D.P., Bowes, G.G., Douglas, D.W., Harms, V.L., McClay, A.S. 1991: The biology of Canadian weeds. 99. Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71:1101-1119
Jäger, E.J. 1957: Über Wuchsform, Wuchsrhythmus und Verbreitung einheimischer Wiesenasteraceen. Dipl.-Arb. Univ. Halle.
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence w (overwintering green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form mgef (bipinnate)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 6
End of flowering (months) 11
Duration of flowering (months) 6
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Woo, S.L., Thomas, A.G., Peschken, D.P., Bowes, G.G., Douglas, D.W., Harms, V.L., McClay, A.S. 1991: The biology of Canadian weeds. 99. Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71:1101-1119
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Kay, Q.O.N. 1994: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Schultz Bip. (Matricaria inodora L., Matricaria maritima auct. p.p. non L., Matricaria perforata Mérat, Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Wagenitz, Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.. Journal of Ecology 82:681-697
Dicliny »
Dicliny gm (gynomonoecious)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Woo, S.L., Thomas, A.G., Peschken, D.P., Bowes, G.G., Douglas, D.W., Harms, V.L., McClay, A.S. 1991: The biology of Canadian weeds. 99. Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71:1101-1119
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy a2 (protandrous)
Reference Woo, S.L., Thomas, A.G., Peschken, D.P., Bowes, G.G., Douglas, D.W., Harms, V.L., McClay, A.S. 1991: The biology of Canadian weeds. 99. Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71:1101-1119
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Kay, Q.O.N. 1971: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Anthemis cotula L.. Journal of Ecology 59:623-636
Systematic reference species [S]
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility I+ (± self-incompatibel)
Reference Kay, Q.O.N. 1994: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Schultz Bip. (Matricaria inodora L., Matricaria maritima auct. p.p. non L., Matricaria perforata Mérat, Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Wagenitz, Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.. Journal of Ecology 82:681-697
Systematic reference species [S]
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SI (self-incompatibel)
Reference Woo, S.L., Thomas, A.G., Peschken, D.P., Bowes, G.G., Douglas, D.W., Harms, V.L., McClay, A.S. 1991: The biology of Canadian weeds. 99. Matricaria perforata Mérat (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71:1101-1119
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism SSI (sporophytic self-incompatibility)
Reference de Nettancourt, D. 1977: Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: xenogam, da SI
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 3 (present)
Flower color »
Flower colour white and yellow
Basic flower colour w (white)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
UV reflection of the flower »
UV reflection in the periphery of the flower 2 (8-15 %)
UV reflection in the centre of the flower 2 (8-15 %)
UV reflection pattern 0 (no UV reflectance patterns)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B` (flower associations with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumble bees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 7.2c (flower heads, Asteraceae, ray and disk flowers)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages sometimes [2]
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.3
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.6
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 0.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.3
Weight (maximum) [mg] 0.6
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.2
Length (mean) [mm] 2.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 2.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Width (mean) [mm] 0.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.1
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Height (mean) [mm] 0.7
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.0
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 1.2
Length (mean) [mm] 2.0
Length (maximum) [mm] 2.5
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Width (mean) [mm] 0.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.1
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.5
Height (mean) [mm] 0.7
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.0
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Kay, Q.O.N. 1994: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Schultz Bip. (Matricaria inodora L., Matricaria maritima auct. p.p. non L., Matricaria perforata Mérat, Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) Wagenitz, Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.. Journal of Ecology 82:681-697 (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Frey, W., Hauser, A. 1996: Onopordetum acanthii (Eselsdistel-Gesellschaft) im mittleren und unteren Unstruttal - Lebensstrategien in einer wärmeliebenden Ruderalgesellschaft. Hausknechtia, Beiheft 6:1-84 (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
Kynclova, M. 1970: Comperative morphology of achenes of the Tribe Anthemideae Cass. (family Asteraceae) and ist taxonomic significance. Preslia (Praha) 42:35-53 (Gattung)
Heinisch, O. 1955: Samenatlas der wichtigsten Futterpflanzen und ihrer Unkräuter. Deutsche Akad. Landwirtsch.-Wiss., Berlin (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type cr (competitors/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone b (boreal)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone a (arctic)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 4
Oceanity »
Oceanity os (weak oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region c (circumpolar)
Continent of floristic region: c (circumpolar)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby p (polyhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 1
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 3 (urbanoneutral)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T8.3.1 (null)
Alliance: Sisymbrion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 05.5 (Communities of flooded and trampled grasslands)
Class: Agrostietea stoloniferae
English circumscription 06.2 (Bur-marigold and orache bank communities)
Class: Bidentetea tripartitae
English circumscription 06.4 (Annual ruderal communities)
Class: Sisymbrietea officinalis
English circumscription 06.5 (Eusiberian ruderal mugwort and thistles communities, and couch-grasslands)
Class: Artemisietea vulgaris
English circumscription 06.6 (Chickweed and other field weed communities)
Class: Stellarietea mediae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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