search and information system
on vascular plants in Germany
a cooperation of
&
 

Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Dennstaedtiaceae » Gewöhnlicher Adlerfarn
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn accepted
Allosorus aquilinus (L.) C. Presl Synonym
Asplenium aquilinum (L.) Bernh. Synonym
Polypodium austriacum Jacq. Synonym
Eupteris aquilina (L.) Newman Synonym
Ornithopteris aquilina (L.) J. Sm. Synonym
Pteridium aquilinum subsp. aquilinum , sensu Oberd. Synonym
Pteris aquilina L. Basionym
Pteridium aquilinum subsp. capense Allen, sensu Oberd. Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 26
Chromosome number 2n 104
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: DNA content »
DNA content »
DNA content (pg/2C) 19.8
Chromosome number 104
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Bennett, M.D., Leitch, I.J. 2001: Nuclear DNA amounts in pteridophytes. Annals of Botany 87:335-345
DNA content (pg/2C) 12.8
Chromosome number 104
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London
DNA content (pg/2C) 5.9
Chromosome number 104
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Leitch, I.J., Hanson, L., Winfield, M., Parker, J., Bennett, M.D. 2001: Nuclear DNA C-values complete familial representation in gymnosperms. Annals of Botany 88:843-849
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BABBBBBA
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form G (Geophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses rh (Rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
Climbing »
Climbing s (Spread climbing)
Qualifier sometimes [2]
special references:
Cody, W.J., Crompton, C.W. 1975: The biology of Canadian weeds. 15. Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 55:1059-1072
Oinonen, E. 1971: The time table of vegetative spread in oak fern (Cryptogramma dryopteris (L.) Löve & Löve) and May lili (Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F. W. Schmidt) in southern Finland. Acta Forest. Fenn. 118:1-37
Sobey, D.G., Barkhouse, P. 1977: The structure and rate of growth of the rhizomes of some forest herbs and dwarf shrubs of the New Brunswick-Nova Scotia border region. Canadian Field Naturalist 91:377-383
Watt, A.S. 1940: Contributions to the ecology of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) I. The rhizome. New Phytologist 39:401-422
Dasanayake, M.D. 1960: Aspects of morphogenesis in a dorsiventral fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. Annals of Botany 24:318-329
Bayer, A. 1904: Zur Morphologie der Rhizome von Pteris aquilina. Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 10:1-18
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form mgef (bipinnate)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 7
End of flowering (months) 9
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction sv (by seed and vegetatively)
Reference Kramer, X., Schneller, J.J., Wollenweber, X. 1995: Farne und Farnverwandte: Morphologie - Systematik - Biologie. Thieme, Stuttgart
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: Sexuelle Samenproduktion, da keine Apomikten in Gattung bekannt
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Anmerkung 2002: Heterospore Farnpflanzen = diöziosch; homospore F. = monözisch
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Kramer, X., Schneller, J.J., Wollenweber, X. 1995: Farne und Farnverwandte: Morphologie - Systematik - Biologie. Thieme, Stuttgart
Systematic reference species [S]
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility C+ (± self-compatibel)
Reference Kramer, X., Schneller, J.J., Wollenweber, X. 1995: Farne und Farnverwandte: Morphologie - Systematik - Biologie. Thieme, Stuttgart
Systematic reference species [S]
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility I+ (± self-incompatibel)
Reference Klekowski, E.J. 1972: Evidence against genetic self-incompatibility in the homosporous fern Pteridium aquilinum. Evolution 26:66-73
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism LA (lethal alleles)
Reference Klekowski, E.J. 1972: Evidence against genetic self-incompatibility in the homosporous fern Pteridium aquilinum. Evolution 26:66-73
SI mechanism ID (inbreeding depression)
Reference Kramer, X., Schneller, J.J., Wollenweber, X. 1995: Farne und Farnverwandte: Morphologie - Systematik - Biologie. Thieme, Stuttgart
Breeding system »
Breeding system XF (facultative allogamous)
Reference Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S. 1992: The distribution of selfing rates in homosporous ferns. American Journal of Botany 79:97-100
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type Spo (spore)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type Spo (spore)
Information available False
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Indicator values for grassland species »
Grassland utilization indicator values »
Occurrence W (forest edges and related ecotones)
Guild K (forb)
Mowing tolerance 3 (sensitive to mowing)
Grazing tolerance 7 (well tolerant to grazing)
Trampling tolerance 2 (between 1 and 3 (intolerant to sensitive to trampling))
Foraging value 1 (poisonous for livestock (and humans))
Foraging value for deer 2 (no or little forage value)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone u (austral and/or antarctic)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone r (tropical)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone o (subtropical)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone b (boreal)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 7
Oceanity »
Oceanity os (weak oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region c (circumpolar)
Continent of floristic region: c (circumpolar)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 2 (moderately urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T1.1.2.5 (null)
Alliance: Quercion robori-petraeae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T1.4.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T2.1.2.2 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 09.2 (Acidic deciduous bush communities)
Class: Franguletea
English circumscription 09.5 (Blackthorn and buckthorn shrubs)
Class: Rhamno-Prunetea spinosae
English circumscription 10.2 (Mesophilous, summer-green deciduous forests)
Class: Carpino-Fagetea
English circumscription 10.3 (Birch-oak forests)
Class: Quercetea robori-petraeae
English circumscription 10.8 (Boreal-continental coniferous forests with dwarf scrubs)
Class: Vaccinio-Piceetea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
DNA content »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Indicator values for grassland species »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


Display of complete information for the selected species. Only traits available for the selected species are displayed.