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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Thymus vulgaris L. Lamiaceae » Gewürz-Thymian
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Thymus vulgaris L. accepted
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status A (archaeophyte)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin u (unknown)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 1 (Europe)
Reference Tutin, T.G., et al. 1964: Flora Europaea. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
Mode of introduction »
Mode of introduction VN (escaped crop and timber plant)
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization EH (ephemerophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 15
Chromosome number 2n 30
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type R (palaeopolyploid; polyploid basic number)
Reference Wisskirchen, R., Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: DNA content »
DNA content »
DNA content (pg/2C) 4.2
Chromosome number 48
Quality chromosome number known, but does not occur in Germany [n]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Bennett, M.D., Bhandol, P., Leitch, I.J. 2000: Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms and their modern uses - 807 new estimates. Annals of Botany 86:859-909
DNA content (pg/2C) 1.5
Chromosome number 48
Quality chromosome number known, but does not occur in Germany [n]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 True
Reference Bennett, M.D., Leitch, I.J. 1997: Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms - 583 new estimates. Annals of Botany 80:169-196
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABABBBBBBBBABAABCBAAAAAB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form S (Hemiphanerophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Irmisch, T. 1856: Beiträge zur vergleichenden Morphologie der Pflanzen. V. Die Keimung, die Wachstums- und Erneuerungsweise einer Reihe einheimsicher Arten aus der natürlichen Pflanzenfamilie der Labiaten. Abh. Naturforsch. Ges. Halle 3:63-107
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence i (persistent green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form norm (simple)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 10
Duration of flowering (months) 6
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 0 (not available)
Phenological season: not available
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Krumbiegel, A. 2002: Morphologie der vegetativen Organe (außer Blätter). In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.) BiolFlor - Biologisch-ökologische Daten zur Flora Deutschlands, S. 1-2, Bonn
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dicliny »
Dicliny gd (gynodioecious)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy a2 (protandrous)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Dommee, B., Jacquard, P. 1985: Gynodioecy in Thyme, Thymus vulgaris L.: evidence from successional populations. In: Jacquard, P., Heim, G., Antonovics, J. (Hrsg.) Genetic differentiation and dispersal in plants, 5, S. 141-164, Springer, Berlin
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance rare [4]
Reference Dommee, B., Jacquard, P. 1985: Gynodioecy in Thyme, Thymus vulgaris L.: evidence from successional populations. In: Jacquard, P., Heim, G., Antonovics, J. (Hrsg.) Genetic differentiation and dispersal in plants, 5, S. 141-164, Springer, Berlin
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Valdeyron, G., Dommee, B., Vernet, P. 1977: Self-fertilization in male-fertile plants of a gynodioecious species: Thymus vulgaris L.. Heredity 39:243-249
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system XF (facultative allogamous)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: vgl. Klassifizierungsschema Abb.
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 3 (present)
Flower color »
Flower colour lilac, pink or whitish
Basic flower colour vi (violet)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
Flower colour white to pale lilac
Basic flower colour w (white)
Reference Bayer, E., Buttler, K.P., Finkenzeller, X., Grau, J.Steinbach, G. (Hrsg.) 1987: Pflanzen des Mittelmeerraumes. Mosaik-Verlag, München
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER B (flowers with totally hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: bees, bumblebees, wasps, bombylides, syrphids
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 5.1 (true lip flowers)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type BrF (lomentum)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Diaspore type TF (mericarp)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type TF (mericarp)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg]  
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.3
Weight (maximum) [mg]  
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg]  
Weight (mean) [mg] 0.3
Weight (maximum) [mg]  
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Length (mean) [mm] 0.8
Length (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Width (mean) [mm] 0.8
Width (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Height (mean) [mm] 0.8
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Length (mean) [mm] 0.8
Length (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Width (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Width (mean) [mm] 0.8
Width (maximum) [mm] 0.9
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Height (mean) [mm] 0.8
Height (maximum) [mm] 0.9
special references:
Pigott, C.D. 1955: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Thymus serpyllum Linn., emend. Mill. subsp. serpyllum (T. serpyllum L., emend. Fr. subsp. angustifolius (pers.) Vollm.). Journal of Ecology 43:379-382 (Gattung)
Pigott, C.D. 1955: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Thymus pulegioides Linn. (T. chamaedrys Fries; including T. glaber Mill. and T. ovatus Mill.). Journal of Ecology 43:383-387 (Gattung)
Bakker, J.P., Bakker, E.S., Rosén, E., Verweij, G.L. 1997: The soil seed bank of undisturbed and disturbed dry limestone grassland on Öland (Sweden). Z. Ökologie Nat. sch. 6:9-18 (Gattung)
Böttner, I., Frey, W., Hensen, I. 1997: Carex humilis-Gesellschaft im unteren Unstruttal (mitteldeutsches Trockengebiet) - Lebensstrategien einer xerothermen Vegetationseinheit. Feddes Repertorium 108:7; 583-8; 602 (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type csr (competitors/stress-tolerators/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity so (suboceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 3
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Hemeroby b (b-euhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 3
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 4 (moderately urbanophilic)
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
DNA content »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »


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