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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Rhinanthus alectorolophus (Scop.) Pollich s. l. Scrophulariaceae » Zottiger Klappertopf
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Rhinanthus alectorolophus (Scop.) Pollich accepted
Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. semleri (Sterneck) Soó Synonym
Rhinanthus alectorolophus agg. Synonym
Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. kerneri (Sterneck) Soó Synonym
Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. patulus (Sterneck) Soó Synonym
Alectorolophus alectorolophus (Scop.) Sterneck, nom. inval. (tautonym.) Synonym
Alectorolophus kerneri Sterneck Synonym
Alectorolophus patulus Sterneck Synonym
Alectorolophus semleri Sterneck ex Behrend. & Sterneck Synonym
Rhinanthus alectorolophus 'Sammelart' Synonym
Rhinanthus semleri (Sterneck) Schinz & Thell. Synonym
Rhinanthus alectorolophus var. modestus Chabert Synonym
Mimulus alectorolophus Scop. Basionym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. alectorolophus accepted
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus (Scop.) Pollich, s. str. Synonym
>Alectorolophus hirsutus (Lam.) All. Synonym
>Alectorolophus major var. medius Rchb. Synonym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. medius (Rchb.) Schinz & Thell. Synonym
>Rhinanthus hirsutus Lam. Synonym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. aschersonianus (M. Schulze) Hartl accepted
>Rhinanthus rumelicus Velen. Synonym
>Rhinanthus rumelicus subsp. aschersonianus (M. Schulze) O. Schwarz Synonym
>Rhinanthus aschersonianus (M. Schulze) Soó Synonym
>Alectorolophus aschersonianus M. Schulze Synonym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. buccalis (Wallr.) Schinz & Thell. accepted
>Alectorolophus arvensis Semler Synonym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus subsp. arvensis (Semler) Schinz & Thell. Synonym
>Rhinanthus buccalis Wallr. Synonym
>Rhinanthus alectorolophus var. arvensis (Semler) U. Schneid. Synonym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 1 (Europe)
Reference Tutin, T.G., et al. 1964: Flora Europaea. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 14
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
Basic chromosome number 11
Chromosome number 2n 22
Chromosome number (Germany) False
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABABBBBBBBBBBBBBAABAB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form T (Therophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span a (annual)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes r (Erosulate plant)
Qualifier always [1]
Nutritional adaptations »
Nutritional adaptations e (hemiparasitic)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Kutschera, L., Lichtenegger, E. 1992: Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen. Bd. 2 Pteridophyta und Dicotyledonae (Magnoliopsida). Teil I Morphologie, Anatomie, Ökologie, Verbreitung, Soziologie, Wirtschaft. Fischer, Stuttgart, Jena, New York
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form norm (simple)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 8
Duration of flowering (months) 4
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 6 (Cornus sanguinea-Melica uniflora-Phase)
Phenological season: start of early summer
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction s (by seed/by spore)
Reference Krumbiegel, A. 2002: Morphologie der vegetativen Organe (außer Blätter). In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.) BiolFlor - Biologisch-ökologische Daten zur Flora Deutschlands, S. 1-2, Bonn
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy h (homogamous)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SC (self-compatibel)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: wahrscheinlich SC, da nur SC-Arten in Gattung/Artengruppe bekannt
Systematic reference genus [G]
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector se (selfing)
Pollen vector group: se (Selbstbestäubung)
Abundance at failure of outcrossing [7]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance the rule [2]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system AFXF (mixed mating)
Reference Anmerkung 2002: vgl. Klassifizierungsschema Abb.
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 3 (present)
Flower color »
Flower colour light yellow, tooth of upper lip violet
Basic flower colour g (yellow)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
UV reflection of the flower »
UV reflection in the periphery of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection in the centre of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection pattern 0 (no UV reflectance patterns)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER HhF (transition type bumble bee flowers - butterfly flowers)
Typical pollinators: bumblebees, lepidoptera
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 5.1 (true lip flowers)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Ka (capsule)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type S (seed)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type S (seed)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages always [1]
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.7
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.7
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.8
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 1.7
Weight (mean) [mg] 1.7
Weight (maximum) [mg] 1.8
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint True
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Length (mean) [mm] 2.9
Length (maximum) [mm] 3.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.8
Width (mean) [mm] 1.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 2.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Height (mean) [mm] 0.8
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 3.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.4
Length (maximum) [mm] 6.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Width (mean) [mm] 2.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 3.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Height (mean) [mm] 0.8
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.2
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 3.5
Length (mean) [mm] 4.4
Length (maximum) [mm] 6.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Width (mean) [mm] 2.9
Width (maximum) [mm] 3.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.6
Height (mean) [mm] 0.8
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.2
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Beijerink, W. 1947: Zadenatlas der Nederlandsche Flora. Biol. Stat. Wijster, Wageningen (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Hanf, M. 1984: Ackerunkräuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zürich. (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
Heinisch, O. 1955: Samenatlas der wichtigsten Futterpflanzen und ihrer Unkräuter. Deutsche Akad. Landwirtsch.-Wiss., Berlin (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type csr (competitors/stress-tolerators/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Indicator values for grassland species »
Grassland utilization indicator values »
Occurrence GE (little used grasslands)
Guild K (forb)
Mowing tolerance 4 (between 3 and 5 (sensitive to moderately tolerant to mowing))
Grazing tolerance 8 (between 7 and 9 (well tolerant to very tolerant to grazing))
Trampling tolerance 2 (between 1 and 3 (intolerant to sensitive to trampling))
Foraging value 1 (poisonous for livestock (and humans))
Foraging value for deer  
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level m (montane)
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity o (oceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 2
Minimum level of oceantity: oceanic climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 1 (urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T3.4.2.2 (null)
Alliance: Caricion ferrugineae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T6.2.2.2.3 (null)
Alliance: Bromion erecti
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T7.1.3 (null)
Alliance: Polygono-Trisetion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T9.1 (null)
Alliance: Violenea arvensis
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 05.3 (Fescue-brome communities of dry and semi-dry grasslands)
Class: Festuco-Brometea
English circumscription 05.4 (Commercially used grasslands)
Class: Molinio-Arrhenatheretea
English circumscription 06.6 (Chickweed and other field weed communities)
Class: Stellarietea mediae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Indicator values for grassland species »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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