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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski Poaceae » Kriech-Quecke
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski Synonym
Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv., s. l. p. p. Synonym
Agropyron repens subsp. caesium (J. Presl & C. Presl) P. Fourn. Synonym
Elymus repens subsp. repens , s. l. Synonym
Elymus repens subsp. caesium (J. Presl & C. Presl) Oberd., nom. inval. (sine basion.) Synonym
Elymus repens (L.) Gould, s. l. p. p. Synonym
Agropyron repens subsp. repens , s. l. Synonym
Agropyron caesium J. Presl & C. Presl Synonym
Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski Synonym
Elymus repens (L.) Gould, s. str. accepted
Triticum repens L. Basionym
Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. Synonym
>Elymus repens subsp. littoreus (Schumach.) Conert accepted
>Triticum littoreum Schumach. Basionym
>Agropyron littoreum (Schumach.) O. Schwarz Synonym
>Elytrigia littorea (Schumach.) Hyl. Synonym
>Elymus repens subsp. repens , s. str. accepted
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin a (anecophytic)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 1 (Europe)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
Degree of naturalization »
Maximum degree of naturalization AG (agriophyte)
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 7
Chromosome number 2n 42
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 6 (hexaploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: DNA content »
DNA content »
DNA content (pg/2C) 26.0
Chromosome number 42
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 True
Reference Bennett, M.D., Smith, J.P., Heslop-Harrison, J.S. 1982: Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms. Proceedings of the Royal Society London. Series B 216:179-199
DNA content (pg/2C) 24.2
Chromosome number 42
Quality chromosome number known and occurring in Germany [b]
Authorised in BENNET & LEITCH 2001 False
Reference Bennett, M.D., Smith, J.S. 1991: Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B 334:309-345
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBABBBBAAABBAAAABBBABC
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form G (Geophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation ar (Runner-like rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs ar (Runner-like rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses ar (Runner-like rhizome)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Palmer, J.H., Sagar, G.R. 1963: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. (Triticum repens L.; Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski). Journal of Ecology 51:783-794
Werner, P.A., Rioux, R. 1977: The biology of Canadian weeds. 24. Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 57:905-919
Tripathi, R.S., Harper, J.L. 1973: The comparative biology of Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. and A. caninum (L.) Beauv. I. The growth of mixed populations established from tillers and from seeds. Journal of Ecology 61:353-368
Troughton, A. 1957: The underground organs of herbage grasses. Bull. Commonw. Bur. Past. Fld. Crops 44:1-163
Golubev, V.N. 1957: Materialy k ekologo-morfologiceskoj i geneticeskoj charakteristikje zhizjennych form travjanistych rastenij. Botaniceskij Zhurnal 42:1055-1072
Håkansson, S. 1968: Experiments with Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. II. Production from rhizome pieces of different sizees and from seeds. Various environmental conditions compared. Lantbrukshögskolans Annaler 34:3-29
Evans, M.W., Ely, J.E. 1935: The rhizomes of certain species of grasses. J. Am. Soc. Agr. 27:791-797
Briemle, G., Schreiber, K.F. 1994: Zur Frage der Beeinflussung pflanzlicher Lebens- und Wuchsformen durch unterschiedliche Landschaftspflegemaßnahmen. Tuexenia 14:229-244
Mühlberg, H. 1967: Die Wuchstypen mitteleuropäischer Poaceen. Hercynia N. F. 4:11-50
Kästner, A., Karrer, G. 1995: Übersicht der Wuchsformentypen als Grundlage für deren Erfassung in der "Flora von Österreich". Florae Austriacae Novit. 3:1-51
Wareing, P.F. 1964: The developmental physiology of rhizomatous and creeping plants. Seventh Brit. Weed Contr. Conf. 1:1020-1030
Bell, A.D. 1994: Illustrierte Morphologie der Blütenpflanzen. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf anatomy m (mesomorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form gras (grass-like)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 6
End of flowering (months) 8
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 8 (Clematis vitalba-Galium sylvaticum-Phase)
Phenological season: midsummer
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction vvs (mostly vegetatively, rarely by seed)
Reference Werner, P.A., Rioux, R. 1977: The biology of Canadian weeds. 24. Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 57:905-919
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Palmer, J.H., Sagar, G.R. 1963: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. (Triticum repens L.; Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski). Journal of Ecology 51:783-794
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Connor, H.E. 1979: Breeding system in the grasses: a survey. New Zealand Journal of Botany 17:547-574
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility I+ (± self-incompatibel)
Reference Werner, P.A., Rioux, R. 1977: The biology of Canadian weeds. 24. Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 57:905-919
Systematic reference species [S]
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SI (self-incompatibel)
Reference Smith, D.C. 1944: Pollination and seed formation in grasses. Journal of Agricultural Research 68:79-95
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism GSI (gametophytic self-incompatibility)
Reference de Nettancourt, D. 1977: Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector wi (wind)
Pollen vector group: ab (abiotische Bestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Palmer, J.H., Sagar, G.R. 1963: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. (Triticum repens L.; Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski). Journal of Ecology 51:783-794
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Fryxell, P.M. 1957: Modes of reproduction of higher plants. The Botanical Review 23:135-233
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER W (wind flowers)
Typical pollinators: -
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 0 (not applicable)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type Nu (nut)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Diaspore type TFSt (part of infructescence)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type F (fruit)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages sometimes [2]
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type FZb (fruit with appendage)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages sometimes [2]
Development of additional appendages always [1]
Weights »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 2.0
Weight (mean) [mg] 2.0
Weight (maximum) [mg] 2.0
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 2.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 3.3
Weight (maximum) [mg] 4.0
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg] 2.2
Weight (mean) [mg] 3.3
Weight (maximum) [mg] 4.0
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore F (fruit)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 5.0
Length (mean) [mm] 5.8
Length (maximum) [mm] 7.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.3
Width (maximum) [mm] 1.5
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.8
Height (mean) [mm] 1.2
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.5
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint True
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 7.0
Length (mean) [mm] 10.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 16.8
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.5
Width (maximum) [mm] 2.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.7
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.7
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore FZb (fruit with appendage)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 7.0
Length (mean) [mm] 10.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 16.8
Width (minimum) [mm] 1.0
Width (mean) [mm] 1.5
Width (maximum) [mm] 2.2
Height (minimum) [mm] 0.7
Height (mean) [mm] 1.0
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.7
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TFSt (part of infructescence)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 8.0
Length (mean) [mm] 14.4
Length (maximum) [mm] 20.0
Width (minimum) [mm] 2.5
Width (mean) [mm] 2.8
Width (maximum) [mm] 3.0
Height (minimum) [mm] 1.2
Height (mean) [mm] 1.4
Height (maximum) [mm] 1.5
special references:
Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.V., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A., Neal, A.M., Shaw, S. 1981: A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology 69:1017-1069 (Gattung)
Grime, J.P., Hodgson, J.G., Hunt, R. 1988: Comparative Plant Ecology. Unwin Hyman, London (Gattung)
Palmer, J.H., Sagar, G.R. 1963: Biological Flora of the British Isles: Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. (Triticum repens L.; Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski). Journal of Ecology 51:783-794 (Gattung)
Bakker, J.P., Bakker, E.S., Rosén, E., Verweij, G.L. 1997: The soil seed bank of undisturbed and disturbed dry limestone grassland on Öland (Sweden). Z. Ökologie Nat. sch. 6:9-18 (Gattung)
Beijerink, W. 1947: Zadenatlas der Nederlandsche Flora. Biol. Stat. Wijster, Wageningen (Gattung)
Brouwer, W., Stählin, A. 1955: Handbuch der Samenkunde. DLG-Verlag, Frankfurt/Main (Gattung)
Cremer, J., Partzsch, M., Zimmermann, M., Schwär, C., Goltz, H. 1991: Acker- und Gartenwildkräuter: ein Bestimmungsbuch. . Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin. (Gattung)
Häfliger, T.J., Scholz, H. 1981: Grass weeds. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY Ltd., Basel (Gattung)
Kaltofen, H., Schrader, A. 1991: Gräser. Biologie - Bestimmung - Wirtschaftliche Bedeutung. DVL, Berlin (Gattung)
Heinisch, O. 1955: Samenatlas der wichtigsten Futterpflanzen und ihrer Unkräuter. Deutsche Akad. Landwirtsch.-Wiss., Berlin (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type c (competitors)
 
group of traits: Indicator values for grassland species »
Grassland utilization indicator values »
Occurrence A (arable fields and gardens)
Guild G (grass)
Mowing tolerance 7 (well tolerant to mowing)
Grazing tolerance 5 (moderately tolerant to grazing)
Trampling tolerance 7 (tolerant to trampling)
Foraging value 6 (between 6 and 8 (intermediate to high forage value))
Foraging value for deer 2 (no or little forage value)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone m (meridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Floristic zone b (boreal)
Altitudinal level  
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 4
Oceanity »
Oceanity ks (weak continental)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 4
Minimum level of oceantity: extreme central continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region a (Asia)
Continent of floristic region: a (Asien)
Status natural range
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Hemeroby b (b-euhemerobic)
Hemeroby c (a-euhemerobic)
Hemeroby p (polyhemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 4
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 3 (urbanoneutral)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T10.3.3.1 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
Habitat T10.3.3.4.2 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
Habitat T10.7 (null)
Alliance: ???
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
Habitat T7.4.1 (null)
Alliance: Lolio-Potentillion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
Habitat T8.2.2 (null)
Alliance: Artemisietea vulgaris
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
Habitat T8.3 (null)
Alliance: Sisymbrienea
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Pionier
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 03.6 (Haline grasslands)
Class: Asteretea tripolii
English circumscription 05.2 (Pioneer communities of hair-grasses)
Class: Koelerio-Corynephoretea
English circumscription 05.3 (Fescue-brome communities of dry and semi-dry grasslands)
Class: Festuco-Brometea
English circumscription 05.4 (Commercially used grasslands)
Class: Molinio-Arrhenatheretea
English circumscription 05.5 (Communities of flooded and trampled grasslands)
Class: Agrostietea stoloniferae
English circumscription 06.4 (Annual ruderal communities)
Class: Sisymbrietea officinalis
English circumscription 06.5 (Eusiberian ruderal mugwort and thistles communities, and couch-grasslands)
Class: Artemisietea vulgaris
English circumscription 06.6 (Chickweed and other field weed communities)
Class: Stellarietea mediae
English circumscription 07.4 (Communities of clear-felled areas)
Class: Epilobietea angustifolii
English circumscription 07.5 (Nitrophilous tall herb communities)
Class: Galio-Urticetea dioicae
English circumscription 09.5 (Blackthorn and buckthorn shrubs)
Class: Rhamno-Prunetea spinosae
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
DNA content »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Indicator values for grassland species »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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