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trait details of "Shoot metamorphoses"

group of trait Morphology
description Shoot metamorphoses are modifications of the shoot. However this does not simply mean a transformation of the shape during growth and ageing, but is the development of different structures for special tasks (e.g. dispersal, storage) from comparable tissues.
trait attribute attribute type
Shoot metamorphoses range of values
Qualifier identifier
  This overview displays all details for a trait including defined attributes (additional information concerning a trait) and possible states.
possible attribute values "Shoot metamorphoses"
label name description
a Runner Lateral shoot (exceptional main shoot) with long thin internodes and adventitious roots. Severance from the mother plant causes the formation of individual ramets
ak Runner with tuberous tip Tuberous swelling of several internodes at the distal end of a subterranean runner, which mostly develops at the end of the vegetation period for storing food. Above ground shoots develop from the tuber the following season
ar Runner-like rhizome Subterranean or close to the surface situated shoot with cataphyllary leaves, which is more or less thickened, adventitiously rooted and long-lived (> 1 year). Difficult to distinguish whether the storage or the spread function is of prime importance
as Assimilating shoot Shoot used for assimilation instead of or in addition to leaves
az Runner with bulbous tip Bulb at the distal end of a subterranean runner used for vegetative propagation, spread and storage, and sprouting the following season
b Bulbil Compressed above ground, vegetative lateral shoot with disproportionately developed or still absent organs, which develops into a new independently viable plant after severance from the mother plant, acting as propagation
bs Brood shoot Spikelet of Poaceae, which has been transformed into a small shoot
f questionable  
p Pleiocorm System of compact, perennial shoots occuring at the proximal end of the persistent primary root. The innovation buds are situated in the axils of basal leaves. The connections between the shoots and the primary root are persistent
rh Rhizome Subterranean or close to the soil surface, mostly thickened shoot with short internodes, adventitious roots and (mostly) cataphyllary leaves. It stores and is long-lived (> 1 year). Ramification followed by distal decaying causes the formation of ramets
rp Rhizome-like pleiocorm System of more or less crowded shoots, persisting several years which arise mainly at the proximal end of the primary root especially in the first years of the individual cycle. At first the innovation shoots arise from basal leaf axils, later from the rhizome like, adventitiously rooted shoots, which later lose their connection with the primary root
sd Shoot thorn Prickly, spiky-shaped structure which is rich in strengthening tissue, mostly at the position of a lateral shoot
sk Shoot tuber Thickened, mostly subterranean, roundish, short lived (< 1 year) part of a shoot which is used as storage
sr Shoot tendril Thread like, ramified or non-ramified shoot used for climbing
ss Shoot succulence Presence of large amounts of water-storing tissue causing fleshy, thickened shoots
t Turio Vegetative compressed, mostly bud like shoot, which hibernates with leaves or parts of leaves and sprouts only after severance from the mother plant
z Bulb Compressed part of a shoot, partly with fleshy cataphyllary leaves or leaf bases, acting as storage