Work Package 3 - Trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem services given different land use intensities and landscape configurations

This work package brings together the expertise of different UFZ departments (CLE, ÖKON, NSF and BZF) on biodiversity and ecosystem service assessments, integrative modelling and economic valuation. The research within WP 3 focuses on assessing the effects of different land use intensities and landscape configurations on selected biodiversity indicators, ecosystem processes and services. The main aspects include the identification of
  1. functional relationships (synergies and trade-offs) between various ecosystem services in different land use types and at different scales,
  2. patterns of ecosystem services provision and biodiversity change under different land management options,
  3. different aspects of biodiversity that may be affected if land management focuses on ecosystem services and vice versa, and
  4. best possible land use/land-cover patterns to minimize trade-offs between different ecosystem functions and services for different regions, different land use types and intensities considering societal preferences, strategies, and goals.


Quantification of trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem services for different land use strategies using e. g. multi-criteria optimisation

Explorative modelling with the aim of developing strategies to mitigate environmental impairments, e. g. bioenergy plant cultivation versus biodiversity cultivation

Identification of the benefits of the various modelled land use changes to society (e. g. using stakeholder interviews, choice experiments) and information of political decision makers

Grafik WP 3 Framework for exploring a landscape's potential to provide multiple ecosystem services and understanding potential trade-offs arising from conflicting land uses.
(a) Example of the envisaged multi-functionality of a landscape (here: increase in biodiversity and water provision at the same or higher level of agricultural production),
(b) illustration of the results of multi-criteria optimisation in which non-optimum (in orange) and optimum (in black, along the Pareto-front illustrating the potential of the study landscape to provide the considered ecosystem services) solutions are shown.
Each of the obtained solutions is spatially explicit (cf. maps with the different land use types).


Dr. Anna Cord
Department of Computational Landscape Ecology
UFZ Leipzig
Anna Cord

Prof. Dr. Martin Volk
Department of Computational Landscape Ecology
UFZ Leipzig
Martin Volk


ECOPOTENTIAL: Improving future ecosystem benefits through earth observation (Horizon 2020), 2015-2019

OPERAs - Ecosystem Science for Policy & Practice (EU 7th Framework Programme)

Towards multifunctional agricultural landscapes in Europe: Assessing and governing synergies between food production, biodiversity, and ecosystem services - TALE (BiodivERsA FACCE-JPI), 2015-2018